GED Test

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History

The GED exam was developed in 1942 as a general examination to assess test takers' abilities in four academic content areas: English, social studies, science, and mathematics. As the United States' economy transitioned from an industrial to post-industrial job base, the exam underwent several major rounds of revisions—in 1978, 1988, 2002, and 2014—to ensure it retained its focus on the skills and abilities most important for job seekers and individuals applying for higher education.[1]

Several states, however, have been switching to competing high school equivalency examinations due to concerns over the high costs associated with the 2014 revision of the GED exam.[2]

Function of the Test

GED Study Guide

The GED functions as a test of high school equivalency. This means that successful test takers demonstrate the academic skills and knowledge typically achieved by students of a four-year high school education program.[3] People usually earn the GED in order to qualify for admission to colleges or universities or to become eligible to apply for jobs requiring a high school education.

In 2012, more than 702,000 adults took at least one of the GED subject area tests. Of these individuals, 68.8% passed the examination.[4] Pass rates and exam statistics are not yet available for the new version of the examination which was launched in 2014.

Test Administration

GED Flashcards

The GED exam is administered by computer at an approved testing center, typically at a local university or community college. About 1,700 testing centers are in operation across the United States.[5] Candidates schedule the examination through the MyGED™ website. Available dates and times for the examination vary according to the schedule of each testing center.

The base cost to take the GED exam is $120, but the actual cost varies by state, because some states pay part of the fee for the applicant.[6]

Test takers who fail to score above 150 points on one or more of the content area tests may retake those individual tests two times with no restrictions between tests. After failing a test three times, however, the test taker must wait 60 days before taking the test again. The GED Testing Service® organization waives its fee for the first and second retest, meaning that those retests are either free (if the test center and state also choose to waive their individual fees) or at least given at a reduced cost.[7]

A variety of accommodations are available to test takers with disabilities. Test takers who require accommodations have the opportunity to request them when registering for the test. After submitting a request, the test taker will receive an e-mail with specific instructions for how to complete the request and receive accommodation.[8]

Format

Sections of the GED Test
GED Test Subject Areas Time Limit (Minutes)
Reasoning Through Language Arts 150
Mathematical Reasoning 115
Sciences 90
Social Studies 90
Total 445

Test Environment

The GED exam takes place on the computer, but paper exams may be provided for special situations. The seven and a half hour exam includes all four content areas, and scheduled breaks. The use of a calculator is allowed on the Mathematical Reasoning, Science, and Social Studies sections of the GED. There will be an embedded one on the test. There will also be erasable note boards provided to do calculations and take notes. Test-takers may request new ones if it gets too dirty. Scratch paper is not allowed.[9]

Test Structure

The GED test is a computer based exam made out of 200 points worth of items. These items will take the form of drag and drop, drop down, fill in the blank, multiple choice, short answer, hot spot, and extended response. The four content areas that make up this test consist of Reasoning Through Language Arts, Mathematical Reasoning, Science, and Social Studies. In all, the exam period lasts about seven and a half hours.[10]

Test Content

The following are the topics covered by each of the five GED sections.

  • The Reading Comprehension section includes questions on: Poetry, Drama, Prose fiction before 1920, Prose fiction between 1920 and 1960, and Prose fiction after 1960
Sample Reading Questions:
Numbers 1 and 2 pertain to the following passage:
Jo's face was a study next day, for the secret rather weighed upon her, and she found it hard not to look mysterious and important. Meg observed it, but did not trouble herself to make inquiries, for she had learned that the best way to manage Jo was by the law of contraries, so she felt sure of being told everything if she did not ask.
  1. From what point of view is this passage written?
    A. First person
    B. Second person
    C. Third person
    D. Fourth person
  2. The phrase "was a study" implies that
    A. Jo looked jubilant
    B. Jo looked secretive
    C. Jo looked disheveled
    D. Jo looked angry
  • The Language section includes questions on: Organization (15%), Sentence Structure (30%), Usage (30%), and Mechanics (25%)
Numbers 1 and 2 pertain to the following passage:
(1)One of the pioneer sculptors of the nineteenth century was Honore Daumier (1810-1879). (2)He is well-known particularly for caricature heads that were created between 1830 and 1832. (3)His later works anticipate the work of Rodin, what with their highly cut-out surfaces offset by studied, flowing poses.
  1. Which is the best version of the underlined part of sentence 2 (reproduced below)? He is well-known particularly for his caricature heads that were created between 1830 and 1832.
    A. (as it is now)
    B. He is well known, particularly
    C. He is particularly well known
    D. He is well known particularly
    E. He was well-known particularly
  2. Which is the best version of the underlined part of sentence 3 (reproduced below)? His later works anticipate the work of Rodin, what with their highly cut-out surfaces offset by studied, flowing poses.
    A. (as it is now)
    B. of Rodin, what with highly cut-out surfaces
    C. of Rodin; what with highly cut out surfaces
    D. of Rodin, with highly cut-out surfaces
    E. of Rodin, with cut-out surfaces
  • The Mathematics section includes questions on: Number operations and number sense (20-30%); Measurement and geometry (20-30%); Data analysis, statistics, and probability (20-30%); and Algebra, functions, and patterns (20-30%)
  1. A number N is multiplied by 3. The result is the same as when N is divided by 3. What is the value of N?
    A. 1
    B. 0
    C. -1
    D. 3
    E. -3
  2. For the number set {7, 12, 5, 16, 23, 44, 18, 9, Z}, which of the following values could be equal to Z if Z is the median of the set?
    A. 14
    B. 11
    C. 12
    D. 17
    E. 21
  • The Science section includes questions on: Physical science (physics and chemistry, 35%), Life science (45%), Earth and space science (20%).
  1. Which of the following is exchanged between two or more atoms that undergo ionic bonding?
    A. Neutrons
    B. Transitory electrons
    C. Valence electrons
    D. Electrical charges
  2. How many organ systems are there in the human body?
    A. 4
    B. 7
    C. 11
    D. 13
  • The Social Studies section includes questions on: History (U.S. or Canada, 25%; World, 15%); Geography (15%); Civics and government (25%); and Economics (20%)
  1. Which statement best describes how the 1944 passage of the G.I. Bill most influenced U.S. society?
    A. It dramatically increased retention in the U.S. military.
    B. It offered limited free housing for veterans.
    C. It helped create a new middle class in U.S. society.
    D. It transformed the work force by privileging veterans.
  2. Which of these statements about Africa is true?
    A. It is nearly twice the size of the continental United States.
    B. It includes about 20 percent of the world's land surface but only 12 percent of its population.
    C. Almost the entire continent lies south of the equator.
    D. Nearly 50 percent of southern Africa consists of rain forest.

More free GED practice test questions.

Scoring

Each of the four content area tests of the GED exam is scored separately. Different questions within a section are worth different numbers of points. For example, the Science section has a total of 40 raw score points, but it may have fewer than 40 questions, because some questions are worth more than one point.[11] Guessing is not penalized on the GED exam; test takers' raw scores are based only on the number of points earned by correct answers. These raw scores are converted to a scaled score ranging from 100 to 200 points.[11]

As of the 2014 revision of the GED exam, test takers must pass all four of the individual content area tests in order to receive a high school equivalency credential. The passing score on each content area test is a scaled score of 150 on a scale from 100 to 200.[12] To achieve the level of "GED® with Honors," test takers must achieve a scaled score of 170 for each content area test. A score of 170 in any given subject is the threshold for career and college readiness.[12]

Recent Developments

On January 2, 2014, a new version of the GED examination was launched.[13] The new version of the exam is aligned with national college and career readiness standards and is fully computer-based. It is also designed to be "centered on the test-taker, not the testing process" by providing test takers with detailed diagnostic reports to help individuals understand their specific strengths and weaknesses.[13]

Although the GED is the oldest high school equivalency certification in the United States and is almost universally accepted and recognized, many states have switched to new competitors such as the TASC or HiSet, or at least offer multiple types of high school equivalency examinations. The typical reason cited is the high cost of the 2014 revision of the GED exam.[2][14][15] Due to this rapidly-changing situation, Individuals interested in achieving high school equivalency should familiarize themselves with which examination(s) are currently supported by their state of residence.

Answers to Sample Questions

Reading: 1;C 2;B; Language: 1;C 2;D; Mathematics: 1;B 2;A; Science: 1;C 2;C; Social Studies: 1;C 2;B

Related Tests

References

  1. ^ History of the GED® test June 14 2014
  2. ^ a b Education Week: More States Dumping the GED, Choosing Alternative Tests June 14 2014
  3. ^ What is the GED® test? June 14 2014
  4. ^ 2012 Annual Statistical Report on the GED® Test June 14 2014
  5. ^ Why Computer-Based Testing for the 2014 GED® Test? June 14 2014
  6. ^ Pricing for the New GED Test (2014) June 14 2014
  7. ^ GED: Scores & Passing the Test June 14 2014
  8. ^ GED: Accommodations June 14 2014
  9. ^ GED FAQ 14 July 2014
  10. ^ GED Testing Service 15 July 2014
  11. ^ a b GED: Score Reports and Scoring June 14 2014
  12. ^ a b GED: Standardization, Norming, and Passing Standards June 14 2014
  13. ^ a b New GED test and comprehensive GED program launches today June 14 2014
  14. ^ Education Week: New GED Tests Stir Concerns, Draw Competitors June 14 2014
  15. ^ YouthBuild USA: State-by-State Information June 14 2014