TEAS Test

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The Test of Essential Academic Skills (TEAS) test is a basic multiple-choice test used by nursing programs to evaluate prospective students. The test covers reading, mathematics, science, and English and language usage at a high school graduate level. The TEAS test is also referred to as the TEAS V since it is in its fifth edition.

Function

The TEAS test is a nationwide entry-level test taken by prospective nursing students seeking entrance into nursing programs. A TEAS test score is usually required as part of the admission application for all types of nursing programs, including those for nurses already in the industry who wish to advance their credentials. The percentage weight given to the TEAS score as a part of the overall application varies from program to program, but is considered one of the most important factors in determining admission.

Administration

The TEAS test is offered by ATI Testing and administered either at a PSI testing facility or on school campuses. The TEAS test is offered at least once a week year round in most major US cities, with individual schools generally offering it six to eight times a year. The specific dates vary widely depending on each school’s application deadlines and semester schedule. Students may retake the test, but each school has different rules concerning how many times a student many retake the test in a given period and still remain eligible. ATI Testing charges a $115 fee each time a student registers to take the TEAS test at a PSI testing facility.[1] Registering to take the test at a school instead will have varying cost, and the TEAS score will automatically be sent to that school only.[2] There is a $27 fee for each additional school that the student designates to receive a score report.[1]

Format

Sections of the TEAS Test[3][4]
TEAS Test Subject Areas # of Questions Time Limit
Reading 48 58
Mathematics 34 51
Science 54 66
English and Language Usage 34 34
Total 170 209

Test Environment

The TEAS test is offered in both computerized and paper formats. Calculators, study materials, food, and related items are not allowed inside the testing room. Scratch paper will be provided for the test takers. A photo ID is required for testing, along with the unique ATI registration number given to each student after registration.

Test Structure

The TEAS test is divided into four sections covering reading, mathematics, science, and English and language usage. The test has 170 total questions of which 150 are scored and 20 are unscored. The scored and unscored questions are mixed together and are indistinguishable. Students are given a total of 209 minutes to finish the test.

Test Content

The following are the topics covered by each of the four TEAS sections along with what percentage portion those topics are of the entire test.

  • The Reading section includes questions on: paragraph and passage comprehension (13%) and informational source comprehension (15%).
Sample Reading Questions:
  1. Although his friends believed him to be enjoying a lavish lifestyle in the large family estate he had inherited, Enzo was in reality impecunious. Which of the following is the definition for the underlined word in the sentence above?
    A. penniless
    B. unfortunate
    C. emotional
    D. commanding
  2. Anna is planning a trip to Bretagne, or Brittany, in the northwestern part of France. Since she knows very little about it, she is hoping to find the most up-to-date information with the widest variety of details about hiking trails, beaches, restaurants, and accommodations. Which of the following guides will be the best for her to review?
    A. The Top Ten Places to Visit in Brittany, published by a non-profit organization in Bretagne looking to draw tourism to the region (2010)
    B. Getting to Know Nantes: Eating, Staying, and Sightseeing in Brittany’s Largest City, published by the French Ministry of Tourism (2009)
    C. Hiking Through Bretagne: The Best Trails for Discovering Northwestern France, published by a company that specializes in travel for those wanting to experience the outdoors (2008)
    D. The Complete Guide to Brittany, published by a travel book company that publishes guides for travel throughout Europe (2010)
  • The Mathematics section includes questions on: numbers and operations (13%), algebraic applications (3%), data interpretation (2%), and measurement (3%).
Sample Math Questions:
  1. Murray makes $1143.50 for each pay period, and the payments are deposited into his checking account twice a month. His monthly expenses currently include rent at $900 per month, utilities at $250 per month, car insurance at $45 per month, and the cost of food at $300 per month. Murray is trying to put away some money into a separate savings account each month, but he also wants to make sure he has at least $300 left over from his monthly expenses before putting any money into savings. Calculating all of Murray’s monthly expenses, including the $300 he wants to keep in his checking account, how much money can he put into the savings account each month?
    A. $192
    B. $292
    C. $392
    D. $492
  2. While at the local ice skating rink, Cora went around the rink 27 times total. Cora slipped and fell 20 of the 27 times she skated around the rink. What approximate percentage of the times around the rink did Cora not slip and fall?
    A. 37%
    B. 74%
    C. 26%
    D. 15%
  • The Science section includes questions on: human body science (7%), life science (10%), earth and physical science (9%), and scientific reasoning (5%).
Sample Science Questions:
  1. The two criteria for classifying epithelial tissue are cell layers and ___________. Which of the following completes the previous sentence?
    A. cell composition
    B. cell absorption
    C. cell shape
    D. cell stratification
  2. Which of the following is the shortest wavelength in the spectrum of electromagnetic waves?
    A. x-ray
    B. visible
    C. gamma
    D. radio
  • The English and Language Usage section includes questions on: grammar and word meanings in context (10%), spelling and punctuation (6%), and structure (4%).
Sample Language Usage Questions:
  1. I’m usually good about keeping track of my keys. I lost them. I spent hours looking for them. I found them in the freezer. Which of the following options best combines the previous sentences to show style and clarity?
    A. I lost my keys, even though I’m usually good about keeping track of them. I found them in the freezer and spent hours looking for them.
    B. I spent hours looking for my keys and found them in the freezer. I had lost them, even though I’m usually good about keeping track of them.
    C. I’m usually good about keeping track of my keys, but I lost them. After spending hours looking for them, I found them in the freezer.
    D. I’m usually good about keeping track of my keys, but I lost them in the freezer. I had to spend hours looking for them.
  2. Valerie refused to buy the television, because she claimed that the price was exorbitant and ___________________________________. Which of the following phrases best completes the meaning of the sentence in the context of the word exorbitant?
    A. the quality too low for the cost
    B. within the expected price range of similar televisions
    C. much better than she had expected it to be
    D. far exceeding the cost of similar televisions

Scoring

Different nursing schools will have different minimum TEAS scores they require and even different programs within the same school may have different requirements. Some programs will require a minimum score in each of the four tested areas, while others will only require a minimum composite score from all four combined. This minimum required score may be given in terms of an absolute percentage or a percentile of the test takers over a given period. Most programs list their minimum requirements for consideration on their websites. Depending on the prestige of the school and the level of the program, minimum scores may range from the 30s to the 70s.[5] Additionally, different programs have different policies on how they evaluate the score of a student who has taken the TEAS multiple times.[6]

Revisions

The TEAS test is currently in its fifth edition and is often written as TEAS V. Most nursing programs will not accept TEAS scores from earlier editions as valid. ATI has not released any information on planned changes or updates to the test at this time.

Answers to Sample Questions

Reading: 1:A, 2:D; Math: 1:D, 2:C; Science: 1:C, 2:C; Language Usage: 1:C, 2:D

References

  1. ^ a b Registering for the TEAS Through PSI 7 February 2014
  2. ^ School of Nursing - TEAS Test 20 February 2014
  3. ^ TEAS Test Breakdown 20 February 2014
  4. ^ TEAS®-V Test of Essential Academic Skills 20 February 2014
  5. ^ Registering and Preparing for the TEAS Test 20 February 2014
  6. ^ Nursing TEAS Test 20 February 2014

External Links